USAID with the people of Tajikistan to increase agricultural productivity and incomes, improve health and nutrition, strengthen basic education and enhance governance. USAID’s assistance focuses on increasing food security through the U.S. Government’s Feed the Future initiative by improving agricultural production and profitability as well as assisting with the country’s structural reforms for improvement of the trade and investment climate. USAID also works to strengthen local governance, support the National Education and Health Strategy, and prevent and treat HIV and tuberculosis. Recognizing the country’s role as a linchpin for regional trade and security, USAID is promoting growth and stability to benefit Tajikistan, as well as the broader South and Central Asia region.
Agriculture and Food Security
USAID is dedicated to increasing food security in Tajikistan, a focus country under Feed the Future, the U.S. Government’s global hunger and food security initiative. USAID is training farmers in modern technologies and management of water and irrigation networks, benefiting five percent of the country’s farmers. With USAID’s assistance, the country’s land code was amended to allow ownership and sale of land-use rights while improving the security of land tenure for women and men.
The creation of 52 water users associations and four federations empowers farmers to improve the supply of irrigation water to their crops. From 2010 to 2012, USAID invested more than $1.7 million in improving 57 drinking water systems that provide access to clean drinking water to more than 190,000 people.
Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
To strengthen stability in rural districts of Tajikistan, USAID promotes improved local governance and encourages participation of at-risk and marginalized groups in economic and social revitalization. USAID has helped to revamp media legislation, train media managers and journalists, create the National Association of Independent Mass Media, and support local media outlets in the production of local television content.
USAID educates non-governmental organizations and media outlets on the current regulations and laws regarding civil society organizations. More than 60 percent of Tajikistan’s 3,000 non-governmental organizations received assistance with re-registration of their legal status in compliance with changing legislation. USAID assists with the revision of local governance policies and trains local government officials to improve the delivery of basic public services.
Economic Growth and Trade
In the energy sector, USAID promotes closer economic integration amongst the Central Asian Republics and between Central and South Asia by helping to create an economically competitive regional energy market that will increase access to and stabilize the cost of energy for the people of Tajikistan.
USAID has helped Tajikistan introduce innovative teaching methods that stress critical thinking and active learning. USAID programs train and mentor school accountants on calculating salary payments, tracking expenditures, managing assets and inventory, accounting for extra budgetary funds, and administering the annual closing of accounts to improve the financial management of schools country-wide.
USAID’s programs enhance HIV/AIDS and TB prevention and treatment services for the country’s most-at-risk populations. USAID also works to improve the potable water supply, improve maternal and child health and nutrition, and reduce the incidence of water-related diseases.
Working in Crises and Conflict
USAID provided extensive assistance to Tajikistan to help the country deal with the humanitarian crisis caused by the 1992 civil war. From 1994 to 1997, USAID provided approximately 500,000 people with food, 40,000 with access to potable water, and more than 62,000 had their houses rebuilt by USAID programs. Additionally, over 140,000 families benefited from the rehabilitation of schools, clinics, water systems, irrigation channels, housing and power stations through USAID-funded United Nations Office for Project Services projects.
Highlights of Our Work
- USAID helped almost 200,000 people gain access to clean drinking water.
- USAID provided 89 scholarships to Afghan students to study in Tajikistan, and 75 percent of these students found employment upon graduation.
- USAID has reached close to 20,000 people most at risk for HIV with prevention and testing information.
Tajikistan Country Office Director